According to Elizabeth Green, any on the string stroke with a stop at the end of it may fall under the term "staccato." Staccato notes can be played with separate bows, or several staccato notes may be played in a single direction, known as "slurred staccato."
The staccato is usually indicated
with a dot above or below the note. Unfortunately, not all dots indicate
an on the string staccato stroke.
Dots are used in string music to indicate off the string strokes as well,
such as spiccato, sautillé, or ricochet. The performer needs to
study preformance traditions, style, and often make an artistic judgement
about how to interpret passages marked as