Placement of Fingers and Thumb - Violin and Viola
The great violin pedagogue Ivan Galamian suggested that placement of the fingers
should be the determining factor for the placement of the thumb and elbow.
Galamian wrote, "the fingers have to be placed in such a way to allow them
the most favorable conditions for their various actions." (Principles of Violin
Playing and Teaching, p. 14). Once the player places the fingers correctly
on the fingerboard, everything
else – the thumb, the hand, arm, will find its correct place. The basic
position for the fingers should be naturally curved, over the fingerboard,
and the fleshy point of the
should make contact with the string.
The wrist should be straight.
A bent wrist will restrict finger movement, cause pain, and could lead
to carpal tunnel syndrome.
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