Top of Instrument Body
The top of the violin body is usually made from spruce or other soft and lightweight wood.
The top of the violin has two f-holes, one on each side of the bridge.
The strings run over the top of the bridge and connect to the tailpiece. The tailpiece is connected to the button by a small piece of metal wire called the tailgut (hidden from view in this image). On cello and bass, the button is replaced by the endpin.
The chinrest is attached to the violin to assist the violinist in holding the instrument securely between the shoulder and chin. Chinrests come in a variety of shapes and sizes and are made of ebony, other types of wood, or plastic.
Fine tuners can be inserted into the tailpiece so the player can make small pitch adjustments without needing to turn the tuning pegs. For beginners, it is recommended to place fine tuners on all four strings.